Annotated List of the Seabirds of the World - Boobies, Cormorants, Frigatebirds and Tropicbirds

Conservation rankings are from the preliminary guidelines set out by BirdLife International and posted to Seabirds Internet discussion group by John Cooper.

Gannets and Boobys

Morus bassanus Northern Gannet (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as (North) Altantic Gannet

Morus capensis Cape Gannet (NEAR THREATENED)
Monotypic

Also known as (South) African Gannet

Morus serrator Australasian Gannet (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Sula nebouxii Blue-footed Booby (Not globally threatened)
S. n. nebouxii

S. n. excisa

Sula variegata Peruvian Booby (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as Variegated Booby

Sula dactylatra Masked Booby (Not globally threatened)
S. d. dactylatra

S. d. melanops

S. d. personata

S. d. fullagari

Also known as Blue-faced Booby or White Booby

Sula granti Nazca Booby (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Sula sula Red-footed Booby (Not globally threatened)
S. s. sula

S. s. rubripes

S. d. websteri

Papasula abbotti Abbott's Booby (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Sula leucogaster Brown Booby (Not globally threatened)
S. l. leucogaster

S. l. plotus

S. l. brewsteri

S. l. etesiaca

Also known as White-bellied Booby


Cormorants and Shags

Phalacrocorax auritus Double-creasted Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Also known as White-creasted Cormorant

Phalacrocorax olivaceus Neotropic Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
P. o. mexicanus -- Mexican Cormorant

P. o. olivaceus

Also known as Olivaceous Cormorant or Bigua Cormorant or Brazilian Cormorant

Phalacrocorax sulcirostris Little Black Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Also known as Little Black Shag

Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
P. c. carbo

P. c. sinensis

P. c. hanedae

P. c. maroccanus

P. c. lucidus -- White-breasted Cormorant

P. c. novaehollandiae

Also known as Common (Black) Cormorant or Large (Black) Cormorant or Big Black Cormorant or European Cormorant

Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Indian Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as Indian Shag

Phalacrocorax capensis Cape Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax nigrogularis Socotra Cormorant (NEAR THREATENED)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax neglectus Bank Cormorant (NEAR THREATENED)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax capillatus Temminck's Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Also known as Japanese Cormorant

Phalacrocorax penicillatus Brandt's Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as Brown Cormorant or Penciled Cormorant or Townsend's Cormorant

Phalacrocorax aristotelis European Shag (Not globally threatened)
P. a. aristotelis

P. a. desmarestii

P. a. riggenbachi

Also known as Common Shag or Green Shag or Green Cormorant

Phalacrocorax pelagicus Pelagic Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
P. p. pelagicus

P. p. resplendens

Also known as Pelagic Shag or Baird's Cormorant

Phalacrocorax perspicillatus Pallas's Cormorant (Believed to have recently become EXTINCT)

Phalacrocorax kenyoni Kenyon's Shag (DATA DEFICIENT)
Also known as Amchitka Cormorant.

Phalacrocorax urile Red-faced Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as Red-faced Shag

Phalacrocorax magellanicus Rock Shag (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as Rock Cormorant or or Magellanic Cormorant or Magellan Shag

Phalacrocorax bougainvillii Guanay Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax varius Pied Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
P. v. varius

P. v. hypoleucos

Also known as Large Pied Shag or Black-and-white Shag or Yellow-faced Cormorant or Yellow-faced Shag

Phalacrocorax fuscesens Black-faced Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as Black-and-white Shag or Black-faced Shag or White-breasted Shag

Phalacrocorax carunculatus New Zealand King Shag (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Also known as Carunculated Shag or Marlborough Sound Shag or Rough-faced Shag or Cook Straits Cormorant

Phalacrocorax chalconotus Stewart Island Shag (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Bronzed Shag or Gray's Shag

Phalacrocorax onslowi Chatham Shag (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Also known as Chatham Islands Shag

Phalacrocorax colensoi Auckland Islands Shag (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax campbelli Campbell Island Shag (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax ranfurlyi Bounty Islands Shag (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax atriceps Imperial Shag (Not globally threatened)

Phalacrocorax bransfieldensis Antarctic Shag (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax georgianus South Georgia Shag (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax nivalis Heard Shag (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Also known as Heard Island Cormorant or Blue-eyed Shag

Phalacrocorax melanogenis Crozet Shag (VULNERABLE)

Phalacrocorax verrucosus Kerguelen Shag (Not globally threatened)

Phalacrocorax purpurascens Macquarie Shag (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Phalacrocorax gaimardi Red-legged Cormorant (NEAR THREATENED)

Phalacrocorax punctatus Spotted Shag (Not globally threatened)
P. p. punctatus

P. p. oliveri -- Blue Shag

Also known as Crested Shag or Ocean Shag or Flip-flap or Parekareka or Padeggadegga

Phalacrocorax featherstoni Pitt Shag (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Also known as Pitt Island Shag

Phalacrocorax melanoleucos Little Pied Cormorant (Not globally threatened)
P. m. melanoleucos

P. m. brevirostris

P. m. brevicauda

Also known as White-throated Shag or Little Black-and-white Cormorant or Little Black-and-white Shag or Little Cormorant or Little Shag or Frilled Shag or Little River Shag

Phalacrocorax africanus Long-tailed Cormorant (Not globally threatened)

Phalacrocorax coronatus Crowned Cormorant (NEAR THREATENED)

Phalacrocorax niger Little Cormorant (Not globally threatened)

Phalacrocorax pygmeus Pygmy Cormorant (NEAR THREATENED)

Phalacrocorax harrisi Galapagos Cormorant (VULNERABLE)
Also known as Flightless Cormorant


Frigatebirds

Fregata aquila Ascension Frigatebird (CRITICAL)
Monotypic

Fregata andrewsi Christmas Island Frigatebird (VULNERABLE)
Monotypic

Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird (Not globally threatened)
Monotypic

Fregata minor Great Frigatebird (Not globally threatened)
F. m. minor

F. m. aldabrensis

F. m. palmerstoni

F. m. ridgwayi

F. m. nicolli

Fregata ariel Lesser Frigatebird (Not globally threatened)
F. a. ariel

F. a. iredalei

F. a. trinitatis


Tropicbirds

Phaethon aethereus Red-billed Tropicbird (Not globally threatened)
P. a. mesonauta

P. a. aethereus

P. a. indicus

Phaethon rubricauda Red-tailed Tropicbird (Not globally threatened)
P. r. rubricauda

P. r. westralis

P. r. roseotincta

P. r. melanorhynchus

Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird (Not globally threatened)
P. l. lepturus

P. l. fulvus

P. l. dorotheae

P. l. catesbyi

P. l. ascensionis


Copyright©2003 All rights reserved Angus Wilson
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