Annotated List of the
Marine Mammals of the World
Nomenclature based largely on
Wilson, D. E., and D. M.
Reeder (eds.) (1993) Mammal Species of the World, Smithsonian Institution
with additional information from
Carwardine, M. (1995) Whales, dolphins and porpoises, Dorling Kindersley Press
Whales and Dolphins
Balaena mysticetus Bowhead
Also known as Great Polar Whale or Arctic Whale or Arctic Right Whale or Greenland Right Whale or Greenland Whale
Eubalaena australis Southern
Also known as Black Right Whale or Right Whale
Eubalaena glacialis Northern
Also known as Black Right Whale or Right Whale or Biscayan Right Whale
Eubalaena (glacialis) japonica
Separation fron Northern Right Whale uncertain
Caperea marginata Pygmy Right Whale
Eschrichtius robustus Gray
Also known as California Gray Whale or Devilfish or Mussel-digger or Scrag Whale
Also known as Pikehead or Little Piked Whale or Pike Whale or Little Finner or Sharp-headed Finner or Lesser Finback or Lesser Rorqual
Balaenoptera borealis Sei
Also known as Pollack Whale or Coalfish Whale or Sardine Whale or Japan Finner or Rudolphi's Rorqual
Balaenoptera edeni Bryde's
Also known as Tropical Whale
Balaenoptera musculus Blue
Also known as Sulfur-bottom or Sibbald's Rorqual or Great Northern Rorqual
Balaenoptera physalus Fin
Also known as Finback or Finner Or Common Rorqual or Razorback or Herring Whale
Megaptera novaengliae Humpback Whale
Kogia breviceps Pygmy
Also known as Lesser Sperm Whale or Short-headed Sperm Whale or Lesser Cachalot
Kogia simus Dwarf Sperm
Also known as Owen's Pygmy Sperm Whale
Physeter macrocephalus Sperm
Also known as Great Sperm Whale or Cachalot
Delphinapterus leucas Beluga
Also known as Belukha or Sea Canary or White Whale
Monodon monoceros Narwhal
Also known as Narwhale
Berardius arnuxii Arnoux's
Also known as Southern Four-toothed Whale or Southern Beaked Whale or New Zealand Beaked Whale or Southern Giant Bottlenose Whale or Southern Porpoise Whale
Berardius bairdii Baird's
Also known as North Pacific Four-toothed Whale or Northern Four-toothed Whale or North Pacific Bottlenose Whale or Northern Giant Bottlenose Whale or Giant Four-toothed Whale
Hyperodon ampullatus Northern
North Atlantic Bottlenosed Whale or Flathead or Bottlehead or Steephead
Hyperodon planifrons Southern
Antarctic Bottlenosed Whale or Flathead
Mesoplodon species 'A' Unamed Beaked Whale
Mesoplodon bidens Sowerby's
Also known as North Sea Beaked Whale
Mesoplodon bowdoini Andrews'
Also known as Splay-toothed Beaked Whale or Bowdoin's Beaked Whale or Deepcrest Beaked Whale
Mesoplodon carlhubbsi Hubbs'
Also known as Arch-beaked Whale
Mesoplodon densirostris Blainville's
Also known as Atlantic Beaked Whale or Dense Beaked Whale or Tropical Beaked Whale
Mesoplodon europaeus Gervais'
Also known as Gulf Stream Beaked Whale or European Beaked Whale or Antillean Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon ginkgodens Ginko-toothed
Also known as Japanese Beaked Whale or Ginko Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon grayi Gray's
Also known as Scamperdown Whale or Southern Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon hectori Hector's
Also known as New Zealand Beaked Whale or Skew-beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon layardii Strap-toothed
Also known as Layard's Beaked Whale or Strap-tooth Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon mirus True's
Also known as Wonderful Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon pacificus Longman's
Also known as Pacific Beaked Whale or Indo-Pacific Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon peruvianus Lesser
Also known as Peruvian Beaked Whale or Pygmy Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon stejnegeri Stejneger's
Also known as Saber-toothed Beaked Whale or Bering Sea Beaked Whale or North Pacific Beaked Whale.
Mesoplodon shepherdi Shepherd's
Also known as Tasman Whale or Tasman Beaked Whale.
Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier's
Also known as Cuvier's Whale or Goose-beaked Whale or Goosebeak Whale.
Feresa attenuata Pygmy
Also known as Slender Blackfish or Slender Pilot Whale.
Also known as Pothead Whale (!) or Shortfin Pilot Whale or Pacific Pilot Whale.
Globicephala melas Long-finned
[Formally Globicephala melaena]
Also known as Pothead Whale (!) or Caaing Whale or Longfin Pilot Whale or Atlantic Pilot Whale.
Orcinus orca Killer Whale
Also known as Orca or Great Killer Whale or Grampus.
Peponocephala electra Melon-headed
Also known as Melonhead Whale or Many-toothed Blackfish or Electra Dolphin.
Pseudorca crassidens False
Also known as False Pilot Whale or Pseudorca.
Delphinus delphis Common
D. d. delphis -- Short-beaked Common Dolphin
D. d. capensis -- Long-beaked Dolphin
Taxonomy very complex and many authors consider the Long and Short-beaked forms to be different species. Also known as Saddleback Dolphin or White-bellied Dolphin or Criss-cross Dolphin or Hourglass Dolphin or Cape Dolphin.
Lissodelphis borealis Northern
Also known as Pacific Rightwhale Porpoise.
Lissodelphis peronii Southern
Also known as Mealy-mouthed Porpoise.
Sotalia fluviatilis Tucuxi
Also known as Estuarine Dolphin.
Sousa teuszii Atlantic
Also known as Atlantic Humpback Dolphin or Cameroon Dolphin.
Sousa chinensis Indo-pacific
Closely related to Atlantic Hump-backed Dolphin and may form one species.
The name Speckled Dolphin given to animals west of Sumatra.
Stenella coeruleoalba Striped
Also known as Euphrosyne Dolphin or Whitebelly or Blue-white Dolphin or Meyen's Dolphin or Gray's Dolphin or Streaker Dolphin.
Stenella clymene Clymene
Also known as Short-snouted Spinner Dolphin or Helmet Dolphin or Senegal Dolphin
Stenella longirostris Long-snouted
Also known as Longsnout or Spinner or Long-beaked Dolphin or Rollover.
Stenella attenuata Pantropical
Also known as Spotted Dolphin or White-spotted Dolphin or Bridled Dolphin or Spotter or Spotted Porpoise or Slender-beaked Dolphin.
Stenella frontalis Atlantic
Also known as Spotted Porpoise or Spotter or Bridled Dolphin or Gulf Stream Spotted Dolphin or Long-snouted Dolphin (formally Stenella plagiodon).
Steno bredanensis Rough-toothed
Also known as Slopehead.
Tursiops truncatus Bottlenose
Taxonomy complex. May involve several distinct species.
Also known as Gray Porpoise or Black Porpoise or Bottle-nosed Dolphin or Cowfish
Also known as Skunk dolphin or Piebald Dolphin or Black-and-white Dolphin or Jacobite or Puffing Pig.
Also known as White-bellied Dolphin or Chilean Dolphin or Chilean Black Dolphin.
Also known as South African Dolphin or Benguela Dolphin.
Cephalorhynchus hectori Hector's
Also known as Little Pied Dolphin or New Zealand Dolphin or New Zealand White-front Dolphin.
Grampus griseus Risso's
Also known as Grampus or Gray Grampus or Gray Dolphin or White-head Grampus.
Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser's
Also known as Sarawak Dolphin or Shortsnout Dolphin or Bornean Dolphin or White-bellied Dolphin or Fraser's Porpoise.
Lagenorhynchus acutus Atlantic
Also known as Jumper or Spinger or Lag or Atlantic White-sided Porpoise.
Also known as White-nosed Dolphin or Squidhound or White-beaked Porpoise
Also known as Blackchin Dolphin or Peale's Black-chinned Dolphin or Southern Dolphin or Peal's Porpoise
Lagenorhynchus cruciger Hourglass
Also known as Wilson's Dolphin or Southern White-sided Dolphin
Also known as Lag or Pacific Striped Dolphin or White-striped Dolphin or Hook-finned Porpoise
Lagenorhynchus obscurus Dusky
Also known as Fitzroy's Dolphin
Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy
Also known as Snubfin Dolphin
Inia geoffrensis Boto
Also known as Amazon River Dolphin or Pink Porpoise or Pink Dolphin
Also known as Yangtze River Dolphin or Beiji or Pei C'hi or Whitefin Dolphin or Whiteflag Dolphin or Chinese River Dolphin
Platanista minor Indus
Also known as Indus Susu or Blind River Dolphin or Side-swimming Dolphin.
Platanista ??? Ganges River Dolphin
Also known as Ganges Susu or Gangetic Dolphin or Blind River Dolphin or Side-swimming Dolphin.
Potoporia blainvilleir Franciscana
Also known as La Plata Dolphin.
Also known as Black Porpoise (!) or Black Finless Porpoise or Jiangzhu.
[Formally Phocoena dioptrica]
Phocoena phocoena Harbor
Also known as Puffing Pig or Common Porpoise.
Phocoena sinus Vaquita
Also known as Cochito or Gulf of California Porpoise.
Phocoena spinipinnis Burmeister's
Also known as Black Porpoise (!).
Phocoenoides dalli Dall's
Also known as Spray Porpoise or True's Porpoise or White-flanked Porpoise.
Pinipeds - Fur Seals, Sealions, Walrus and Seals
Arctocephalus australis South American Fur Seal
Arctocephalus forsteri New Zealand Fur Seal
Arctocephalus gazella Antarctic Fur Seal
Arctocephalus philippi Juan Fernandez Fur Seal (ENDANGERED)
Arctocephalus pusillus South African Fur Seal
Arctocephalus townsendi Guadaloupe Fur Seal (ENDANGERED)
Arctocephalus galapagoensis Galapagos Fur Seal
Arctocephalus tropicalis Subantarctic Fur Seal
Callorhinus ursinus Northern
Also known as Pribilof or Alaskan Fur Seal
Neophoca cinerea Australian Sealion
Phocarctos hookeri New Zealand Sealion
Otaria byronia South American Sealion
Zalophus californianus Californian Sealion
Eumetopias jubatus Steller's Sealion
Odobenus rosmarus Walrus
Cystophora cristata Hooded Seal
Erignathus barbatus Bearded Seal
Halichoerus grypus Gray Seal
Hydrurga leptonyx Leopard Seal
Leopard Seals are aggressive hunters and are often found near penguin colonies or roosts. The long, almost serpentine, hea shape and enormous gape line is highly distinctive.
Leptonychotes weddellii Weddell Seal
Lobodon carcinophagus Crabeater Seal
Two Crabeater Seals rest on an iceflow. The red stain comes from the Antarctic krill which form a major part of their diet.
Mirounga angustirostris Northern Elephant Seal
Mirounga leonina Southern Elephant Seal
Monachus monachus Mediterranean Monk Seal (ENDANGERED)
Monachus schauinslandi Hawaiian Monk Seal (ENDANGERED)
Monachus tropicalis West Indian Monk Seal
Ommatophoca rossii Ross' Seal
Phoca caspica Caspian Seal
Phoca fasciata Ribbon Seal
Phoca groenlandica Harp Seal
Phoca hispida Ringed Seal
includes P. h. saimaa -- Saimaa Seal (ENDANGERED)
Phoca largha Larga Seal
Formally considered conspecific with Common Seal
Phoca sibirica Baikal Seal
Phoca vitulina Common
Also known as Harbor Seal
Seacows or Sirenians
Dugong dugon Dugong
Dugong gigas Steller's Seacow (PRESUMED EXTINCT)
Trichechus manatus Manatee
Copyright © 2000 All
rights reserved. Angus Wilson
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